Tobacco is the leading cause of preventable illness and death in the United states and causes more than 480,000 deaths per year. Secondhand smoke causes approximately 41,000 deaths in the US annually. Tobacco causes cancers, heart disease, and chronic lung diseases, problems with pregnancy as well as other diseases. Nicotine is a substance found in tobacco and tobacco products such as cigarettes, cigars, chew, snuff, dip, hookah, pipe tobacco and most electronic cigarettes. It is very addictive, and companies which manufacture tobacco products add other harmful chemicals to make the nicotine reach the brain much faster, making it more addictive.
Since the first Surgeon General’s report on the dangers of tobacco in 1964 “there have been more than 20 million premature deaths attributable to smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. Smoking remains the leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States”.
For the most recent Surgeon General’s report on the health consequences of smoking, Click Here
Tobacco is addictive and dangerous, and the only safe alternative is to quit.
To learn more about specific tobacco products, click the toggles below.
Combustible tobacco is any type of tobacco that one has to light, with a flame, the smoke is inhaled into the lungs, or into the mouth. This type of tobacco includes cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah and other less common types. Combustible tobacco is known to cause a variety of cancers such as:
Additionally, smoking causes heart disease, stroke, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and increases risk for:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Age related macular degeneration
- Worsens asthma
- Higher risks of pneumonia, tuberculosis as well as other airway infections.
According to the Surgeon General’s report on the health consequences of smoking “The evidence is sufficient to infer that cigarette smoking increases risk for all-cause mortality in men and women”.
Nicotine, the active ingredient in tobacco, is extremely addictive. Nicotine addiction consists of physical dependence, and psychological craving, which make nicotine extremely hard to quit. Tobacco smoke has more than 7,000 chemicals, at least 250 are harmful and at least 70 cause cancer. In Wyoming, around 800 deaths each year are caused by combustible tobacco use.
All tobacco products are harmful. Smoking is addictive and harmful, the only safe alternative is to quit.
Smokeless tobacco is typically a dried, cured loose leaf tobacco which is either chewed or tucked in between the cheek and gum. This type of tobacco causes tooth decay, gum disease, and tooth loss. Smokeless tobacco contains at least 30 chemicals that are known carcinogens and cause cancers such as:
Additionally, smokeless tobacco users can develop heart disease, high blood pressure and are more prone to heart attack and stroke. Smokeless tobacco increases the risk for oral diseases, as well as death from heart disease and strokes.
All tobacco products are harmful. Smokeless tobacco is addictive and harmful, the only safe alternative is to quit.
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) are tubes that have a battery, a tank or cartridge that contains a liquid (e-liquid), and a heating element that turns the e-liquid into a “smoke like” aerosol which is inhaled.
ENDS liquid or “e-liquid/e-juice” typically contain mainly propylene glycol, nicotine as well as glycol. They are addictive and may contain a number of toxic cancer-causing agents such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, metals such as tin, lead and nickel and tobacco-specific nitrosamines. The amounts vary between brands, flavors and concentrations of nicotine. ENDS or the e-liquids are not yet regulated, so the amount of nicotine and carcinogens often times fluctuates with each brand, type, concentration and batch.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, electronic cigarette aerosol generally contains fewer toxic chemicals than the deadly mix of 7,000 chemicals in smoke from regular cigarettes. E-cigarettes have the potential to benefit adult smokers who are not pregnant if used as a complete substitute for regular cigarettes and other smoked tobacco products. However, e-cigarette aerosol is not harmless. It can contain harmful and potentially harmful substances, including nicotine, heavy metals like lead, volatile organic compounds, and cancer-causing agents. For a compilation of the most recent peer-reviewed science on the Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes, CLICK HERE
The aerosol is not a “harmless vapor” as the marketing often times suggests. Substances such as marijuana, heroin, and synthetic drugs can also be aerosolized through ENDS without any suspicious scent. This can create a problem for law enforcement, schools, and healthcare providers.
All tobacco products are harmful. ENDS are not FDA approved cessation aids and are addictive and harmful, the only safe alternative is to quit.