Strategic Prevention Framework
The Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) is a planning process for preventing substance use and misuse developed by SAMHSA. The SAPP uses SPF model to fund evidence-based prevention activities on both a statewide and community level.
All funded communities implement the SPF public health model in their prevention efforts. The model assists community coalitions in engaging in data-driven strategic planning. This comprehensive and integrated approach is achieved through partnerships with law enforcement, community resource centers, and other valuable stakeholders.
The five steps and two guiding principles of the SPF offer a comprehensive process for addressing the substance misuse and related behavioral health problems facing communities.
Step 1: Assess Needs – Identify pressing substance use and related problems and their contributing factors, and assess community resources and readiness to address these factors, and assess community resources and readiness to address these factors.
Step 2: Build Capacity – Identify resources and build readiness to address substance use and misuse.
Step 3: Plan – Form a plan for addressing priority problems and achieving prevention goals.
Step 4: Implement – Deliver evidence-based interventions.
Step 5: Evaluate – Quantify the challenges and successes of implementing a prevention program.
The framework is guided by the following principles:
Cultural Competence – The ability to interact effectively with people of different cultures to ensure the needs of all community members are addressed.
Sustainability – Sustain prevention outcomes by building stakeholder support for your program, showing and sharing results, and obtaining steady funding.